According to this web page:
The five courses at Bethpage State Park--Bethpage Black, Red, Green, Yellow and Blue (from hardest to least difficult)--were created as a W.P.A. project during the Depression of the 1930s. Over 1800 workers transformed 1475 acres of rolling woodlands into a parkland devoted to recreation with picnic areas, playing fields, horse trails and tennis courts in addition to the five golf courses. A.W. Tillinghast, who has designed some of America's greatest golf courses, designed three of the courses at Bethpage (Black, Red and Blue). Bethpage Black was the final course he designed in his luminous career.Sounds like this is one of those examples of the government doing something right. Readers of this blog know that Bethpage State Park is also home to polo matches and hiking trails.